Generation Of Computer In Hindi & It’s Types

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Generation Of Computer In Hindi

Hello, Friends today we are going to talk about the Generation Of Computers in Hindi So let’s get started:

generation of computer ki Baat Karne ke pahle ham jaan lete hai ki What is computer in Hindi… So let’s start with the computer definition “Computer is an automatic electronic machine which is used to convert raw data to meaningful information.”

Is definition me 2 Chijo ka zikrr hua hai…

What is Raw Data And Information Img

  1. Raw Data (Wah data jise kisi user or computer dwara create kiya gaya par process nahi kiya gaya use ham Raw data yaa unprocessed data kaha jaata hai. For Ex. Kisi school ki student database file.)
  2. Information (Jab Kisi data ko process kr diya jaata hai to wah information me badal jata hai. Ex. Jab ham student database file khote hai to usme sabhi student ki Raw information hoti hai Lekin jab ham use sort kar dete hai fees jama karne or naa karne wale student ke beech to wah raw information becomes a piece of Useful information.)

There Are 5 Generation Of Computer In Hindi

Generation Of Computer Ko Mukhy roop se ham 5 Bhago me Baat sakte hai jo is Prakar Hai…

Generation Of Computer In Hindi

1St Generation Computer (1947 – 1955)

1st Generation Of Computer ki shuruaat Univac (UNIVersal Automatic Computer) ke saath hui thi jise usake canserd me 2 scientists J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly dwara Banaya gaya tha…

First Generation ke computer ko upyoog karne ke liya Vecume Tube ka use kiya jaata tha aur vacuum tube ki sahayta se Data ko 1 mili/sec me calculate kar liya jata tha.

Advantage:

  1. Vacuum Tube used in computer.
  2. The computer calculates data in milliseconds.

Disadvantage:

  1. Very Large in size (Football ke maidaan jitne bade hua karte the.)
  2. More Costly
  3. Really less work efficiency.
  4. Needed Large cooling system to cool down computer.
  5. Less Storage capacity.
2ed Generation Computer (1955 – 1964)

Second Generation Of Computer me transistor ka upyoog kiya gaya tha jise William Shockley ne banaya tha.

Advantage:

  1. Smaller in size compared to 1 Generation.
  2. More Reliable.
  3. Better Portable.
  4. Magnetic disk and printer Used.

Disadvantage:

  1. More Costly.
  2. maintains was required.
  3. cooling system needed.
3ed Generation Computer (1964 – 1975)

Third Generation Computer me integrated circuit (IC) Ka use kiya gaya jise 1961 me Jack Kilby ne search kiya tha.

Advantage:

  1. 1 integrated circuit Chip me kariban 1000 transistor ka upyoog kiya gaya tha.
  2. Computer Become Smaller in Size & Become more reliable and less flexible ex.- IBM370
  3. For input Keyboard & Mouse Were Used.
  4. Computer Used for general purpose.

Disadvantage:

  1. Air Condition Was Required.
  2. integrated circuit chips are difficult to maintain.
4Th Generation Computer (1975)

The fourth Generation Of Computer ki shuruaat Micro-Processer ke invention ke saath hui thi jise Ted Hoff Ne intel Company ke liye banaya tha. is micro processer ka naam Intel – 4004 rakha gaya tha.

Micro Processor Me 1000 – Ic ka use kiya jaata hai… is generation me Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) ka upyoog kiya gaya tha.

Advantage:

  1. More Powerful & Reliable
  2. Low Maintainance is Required.
  3. Less Expensive.
  4. All Type of HLL (High-Level Language) Used.
  5. No AC required.

Disadvantage:

  1. The latest technology was used for micro processer.
  2. The microprocessor design Was Complex.
5Th Generation Computer (Beyond/Future)

Present Time Me Scientist Fifth Generation of computer me bahut hard work kar rahe hai Aur Yeh computer Artificial Intelligence (AI) based hai.

Such as, Computer can understand human voice (Voice Recognization), Senser Etc…

EX.- Robots!

So These are all 5 Generation Of Computer In Hindi, Still have a question Comment it…

Let’s go to the next topic of different types of computers based on size.

Computer Science me size ka aadhar per computer ko 5 bhago me divide kiya gaya hai. to chaliya ab unke baare me jaante hai.

5 Different Type Of Computer Based On Size

5 Different Type Of Computer Based On Size

1st. Micro Computer

In computer’s me microprocessor ka use kiya gaya jiske karan inke size bahut chote hote hai isiliye inhe micro computer kahte hai, inki size calculator se desktop tak ho sakti hai.

inhe Pc bhi kaha jata hai kyuki inka use personal computer ke roop me kiya jaata hai, ise table me rakh kar use kiya jata hai isliye inhe desktop computer bhi kahte hai.

In computer me input device ke roop me keyboard, mouse output device ke roop me monitor aur storage ke roop me harddisk ka use kiya jaata hai.

  1. Laptop: inka size kafi chota hota hai aur inhe user apni lap par rakh kar use karte hai isiliye inhe laptop kaha jata hai ye briefcase ki Tarah dikhai dete hai aur battery dwara oprate kiye jaate hai, aur size me chote hone ke karan inhe kahi bhi lejaya jaa sakta hai.
  2. Notebook: In pc ka aakar laptop se bhi chota hota hai aur yah note book ki tarah dikhai dete hai isiliye inhe Notebook Computer kaha jata hai.
  3. Palmtop:Inki size notebook se bhi choti hoti hai aur inhe palm = Haath me rakh kar upyoog kiya jaata hai isiliye inhe palmtop computer kahte hai.
  4. Tablet pc: is pc ka size and weight sabse kam hota hai aur ise digital pen se operate kiya jata hai.
2ed. Mini Computer

Minicomputer bhi general-purpose computer hote hai jinka use mostly server banane me kiya jata hai, yah computer micro ki tulna me more powerful and expensive hote hai…

isme at a time more than one user work kar sakte hai isiliye inhe multi-user system bhi kahte hai. EX.- VAX-8848 & PDP-8 (First Mini Computer)

3ed. Work Station Computer

Work station computer, Mini ki tulna me more powerful and expensive hote hai, isnka use complex work karne me kiya jaata hai.

EX.- Computer-Aided Design, Graphic Design, Software Development And Also in Engineering.

In computer ka jayda upyoog scientist aur engineer dwara kiya jaata hai aur yeh single user system hote hai.

4th. Mainframe Computer

Yeh coputer bade size ke hote hai aur inme ek se jyada terminal (Keyboard, Mouse etc) add kar sakte hai, Jiske karan yah multi user system ko support karta hai….

Aur in Computers ka jyada uses Big companies, Bank wa Govt. Dwara kiya jaata hai. Ex.- IBM-3090, HP 9000 Series.

5th Super Computer

Super Computer me kai CPU Upyoog kiye Jate hai joki parallel me operate hote hai, Jiske dwara millions of instructions ko 1 millisecond me process kar liya jata hai isiliye inhe Super Computer kaha jata hai.

In Computers ka jyadatar use High-Quality Animation, Petroleum, Chemical, Nuclear Engineering Etc me kiya jaata hai.

EX.- Param Super Computer (First Super Computer Of India), Param 1000 (Latest), Cray-2.

Conclusion: Generation Of Computer In Hindi & It’s Types

Generation of Computer Me Mukhtah Computer Ko 5 Bhago me Bata gaya Hai Joki Is prakar Hai, 1-Generation (1947 – 1955), 2-Generation (1955 – 1964), 3-Generation (1964 – 1975), 4-Generation (1975), 5-Generation (Beyond/Future)…

Now abĀ  ham chalte hai different type of computers based on size ke aadhar par… too size ke adhar par computers ko 5 bhago me bata gaya hai… Joki is prakar hai.

Micro, Mini, Workstation, Mainframe & Super Computers…

Mujhe lagta hai ki apka The Generation Of Computer In Hindi & It’s Types Ke concept clear huye hoga is article se Achaa lage to share kijiyega aur koi bhi question ho to comment…

 

 

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